What David Foster Wallace Ate


Eat Your Words


The writer David Foster Wallace (1962–2008) didn’t really eat food. When I met him, in 1996, when I was twenty-three years old, I really couldn’t cook, though it wouldn’t have occurred to me to consider this something we had in common. Wallace, who died by suicide on September 12, 2008, ten years ago today, burst into fame in the late eighties with experimental metafictions that took on the modern junk culture of advertising, celebrity, addiction, and alienation through technology. He struggled with those entities himself and was famous among his acquaintances for living mainly on packaged foods. Every Love Story Is a Ghost Story, the excellent Wallace biography by D. T. Max, is littered with information like “he lived on chocolate pop tarts and soda” and “he had a love of showering, Diet Dr Pepper and blondies” and “there were only blondies and mustard in the fridge.” In 1995, the journalist David Streitfeld saw a kitchen with little more in it than a case of Dinty Moore beef stew and elicited the confidence from Wallace that “what’s really sick is I like to eat it cold.” 


Wallace lived mainly on junk food, according to his biographer, D. T. Max.


For my part, I was a noncook to such an extent that my boyfriend, fed up with making meals for me, once angrily coached me through making him a dish he called toaster-oven pizza. This involved an English muffin, a bag of grated cheese, and a jar of red sauce. I made it, but I thought he was being completely unreasonable.

What I was mostly interested in back then was books and writing about them. I met Wallace because I’d transformed my dubious qualification of having read the advance proof of Infinite Jest twice into the opportunity to interview him during the book’s publicity tour. The interview ran on Stim, a newfangled kind of publication that in 1996 we called an online magazine. (That interview is still available online as part of the Wallace minor arcana and was just republished in August in an updated edition of Melville House’s The Last Interview series.)

The writer crush I developed on Wallace had come to me full-blown when one night, reading alone in my first New York apartment, anxious and probably hungover, I sobbed my way through the end of “Westward the Course of Empire Takes Its Way,” the last story in the 1989 collection Girl with Curious Hair. “Westward,” seen today with the jaundiced eye of adulthood, is a creaky metafiction about students in a fiction writing class whose plot, to the extent it has one, is about a road trip to a McDonald’s ad-campaign reunion. The main character is Mark Nechtr, a sweet Midwestern fiction writer who is addicted to eating fried roses. Nechtr’s foil is a clever postmodernist girlfriend, who commits fictional suicide in the end (meta, complicated, story within a story). Wallace later repudiated the story as “a horror show … a permanent migraine … crude and naive and pretentious,” but there was also a time when he felt it was the best thing he’d ever written. Max says that upon the story’s publication, Wallace felt it was what he “had been born to write” and that it “said all he had to say.”


This is my signed advance reader’s copy of Infinite Jest, which could have been worth fifteen hundred dollars if I hadn’t ripped it in half to make it easier to carry around.


That anyone could cry over “Westward” is hilarious in retrospect, but truly, I did cry. The demographic of young women seriously upset by postmodernism must be vanishingly small, but in the midnineties, it described me. I’d gone off to college with the squeaky overachiever’s excitement to discover the meaning of life (and then, you know, apply it to what came next). To my dismay, no matter what the subject was, its underpinnings were in French critical theory, which I understood to be a poised intellectual valuelessness and destruction of meaning. This was embarrassing and not the kind of thing one admitted to one’s friends majoring in semiotics, but it clouded my college experience in secret but real ways. Wallace, in “Westward,” seemed to get it. A bit of beautiful doggerel from the story, critiquing John Barth’s seminal postmodern story collection Lost in the Funhouse, has run through my head for the past twenty-two years.


For lovers, the Funhouse is fun.
For phonies, the Funhouse is love.
But for whom, the proles grouse,
Is the Funhouse a house?
Who lives there, when push comes to shove?

Barth’s fun-house metaphor points to the infinite regression of the narrative viewpoint in fiction—even if you reveal the metastory behind the story, you’re just adding another fallible and relative layer. None of it is real. On the contrary, Nechtr, the Wallace stand-in, “desires, some distant hard-earned day, to write something that stabs you in the heart. That pierces you, makes you think you’re going to die. Maybe it’s called metalife. Or metafiction. Or realism. Or gfhrytytu. He doesn’t know. He wonders who the hell really cares.”

In person, Wallace was polite and brilliant, and his answers consistently made my questions seem smarter, which was a huge relief. After the tape stopped rolling, he asked me more about myself and why I liked his work. He was pleased when I said my favorite story was “Westward” and asked if I was a Barth fan. I had to admit that I hadn’t yet read Lost in the Funhouse, at which point he said scornfully, “Then what did you like, the McDonald’s stuff?” I was forced to haltingly explain what I thought the story meant, at which point he said yes, I’d gotten it, and seemed even more pleased. Eventually, he gave me his mailing address in Normal, Illinois, and asked me to write him letters. Those who knew Wallace or have read the Max biography will be nodding their heads about now; he had a habit of availing himself of admiring young women, and his behavior has lately come under new scrutiny. The writer Mary Karr, with whom he had a relationship, has spoken out against him as recently as May this year.

That wasn’t my story with him, possibly because I never did write him. Some days later, at the Infinite Jest launch party in New York City, he asked me to go back to his hotel room afterward. I left the party early instead. I saw him once more at another party, months later (in the basement of a Two Boots Pizza in the East Village, if memory serves), and I avoided him, even though he followed me and tried to strike up a conversation when I went outside to smoke.


Wallace, far left, with me, far right, at the launch party for Infinite Jest.


None of these lapses were because I didn’t like David Foster Wallace—on the contrary, I liked him way too much. Looking back, I realize it was an era when I just couldn’t do a lot of things. I couldn’t cook. I couldn’t write fiction. I had just embarked on an ultimately pointless mass-media career that I would never quite believe in. Very much like a Wallace character myself, I was a child prodigy frozen by adulthood who drank too much and often wasn’t very nice to people. I let many opportunities slip by, and it’s no huge surprise that I flaked on an invitation to correspond with my literary idol or that I fled from a personal relationship that I would have liked to explore. At the time, my best guess on how to fix the things that were obviously wrong with me was to read more books. Then, possibly, I could blame it all on Foucault.

Wallace never completed another novel after Infinite Jest. The Pale King, published posthumously, is unfinished. I’m not sure how clearly it can be said that his struggles with the book contributed to his death, but any writer who has had a hard time finishing a book knows it’s not great for their mental health. Wallace once called “Westward” a “suicide note,” and I’ve found that prophetic. I’ve thought that he couldn’t ever quite snip through the Barth Möbius strip—the clever and structural game-playing girlfriend he kills in the story is himself, and the beating and unironic heart he sought to somehow convey in fiction (the life inside the fun house, if you will) was hard to find and wouldn’t have been fun if he had found it.

In my meandering path toward a better adulthood, I kept reading books but stopped thinking the theories found therein were going to answer the question of how to live in the world. I’ve come instead to the inelegant belief that pretty much the most important thing you can do with your day is make dinner, for your family or friends if you have them or for yourself if you don’t. Do that, and the other stuff mostly falls into place.

I don’t know if Wallace ever learned to cook or to eat. By Max’s account, he was happily married, so perhaps he did. In order to cook for him as part of my ongoing Eat Your Words column here at The Paris Review, I couldn’t make my usual kind of food. I wanted to echo the fried roses from “Westward” by stuffing and frying edible flowers. I considered doing something with corn as a nod to his Midwestern heritage and lovely “Westward” quotes like: “All we’ve seen is corn. It’s been disorienting, windblown, verdant, tall, total, menacingly fertile.” Or: “The corn is stunted right here a bit, and Mark’s view goes sheer to the earth’s curve: dark green yielding to pale green, to dark green, to just green … ” But the man did not eat vegetables, so I couldn’t do either.

Instead, I made blondies, which are just chocolate chip cookie dough baked as a slab. I tried trendy brown-butter and maple-pecan versions and ended up with the classic recipe on the back of a Toll House bag, baked in a 9 x 9 pan for a satisfying chunky shape. The test batch, which I served at a children’s party, was the first dessert to vanish, and I was surprised to see even the adults scarfing them down. Then I made a burger because Wallace liked them (cooked well-done) and featured them in both “Westward,” with its McDonald’s plot, and in Infinite Jest’s Whataburger tennis tournament. I made the burger as simply as possible on the stove top using a two-ingredient recipe and the brilliantly easy technique from Mark Bittman’s classic How to Cook Everything. I could have stopped there, but the table looked lonely, so I decided to return to that long-ago classic and prove I’m now a person who can make a toaster-oven pizza without crying. It seemed like something Wallace might have eaten or cooked or appreciated. I tried various versions, including one with red sauce from a jar, but ended up with a pizza using homemade three-ingredient red sauce lifted from a Marcella Hazan cookbook (not one of her official sauces but the easier version she includes with some recipes). I spread the sauce on a baguette with fresh mozzarella and a pinch of oregano. It wasn’t bad. I had one for lunch, and I cried again, a little, for David Foster Wallace and for the young woman I once was. You are missed.



Mark Bittmans Basic Burger
from How to Cook Everything.

Serves 4.

1 1/4 lbs ground chuck
1 tsp salt

Handle the meat as little as possible. Shape it lightly into four burgers, about four or five inches across, sprinkling with salt as you do so.

Preheat a large heavy skillet (cast-iron is best) over medium-high heat for three to four minutes. Sprinkle coarse salt over its surface.

Cook the burgers for three to five minutes per side, depending on preferred doneness.

Serve on a bun, garnished as you like. I used a brioche bun, plus lettuce, tomato, and bacon.



Toaster-Oven Pizza

Serves 2.

2 tbs olive oil
14 oz can of diced tomatoes
2 cloves garlic, minced
1/4 tsp salt
3/4 cup fresh mozzarella cheese, chopped
dried oregano for topping
2 5-inch lengths of baguette, cut in half



Heat the olive oil in a skillet on medium-high heat. Add the minced garlic and fry, stirring frequently, until the raw edge is off and the garlic is fragrant and beginning to golden, about ninety seconds. Add the can of tomatoes, stir, and turn down to a simmer. Cook for ten to fifteen minutes, until the sauce has reduced to a fairly thick paste.

Spread each baguette length with two tablespoons of sauce, topped with two to three tablespoons of mozzarella and a pinch of oregano. Toast and serve.



Chunky Toll House Blondies
Adapted from the recipe on the back of the Toll House bag.

2 1/4 cups flour
1 tsp baking soda
1 tsp salt
2 sticks butter, softened
3/4 cup granulated sugar
3/4 cup packed brown sugar
1 tsp vanilla extract
2 large eggs
1 1/2 cups Nestlé Toll House Semi-Sweet Chocolate Morsels
1 cup chopped pecans



Preheat oven to 375. Butter a 9 x 9 baking pan.

Combine flour, baking soda, and salt in a small bowl. Beat butter, granulated sugar, brown sugar, and vanilla extract in a large mixer bowl until creamy. Add eggs, one at a time, beating well after each addition. Gradually beat in flour mixture. Stir in morsels and nuts. Spread in the pan, and bake for twenty-five to thirty minutes, until the crust is golden and the center is set.

Cool before slicing and serving.


My advance reader’s copy of Girl with Curious Hair.


Valerie Stivers is a writer based in New York. Read earlier installments of Eat Your Words here