The Daily

Ask The Paris Review

Twincest; Girls on Film

February 3, 2012 | by

The Downton Abbey craze has led to a plethora of recommendations for books on the World War I era of Britain. I’m interested in this era for the States. What good novels are out there about this time frame, preferably set in New England?

Much obliged,

A few near misses: Ethan Frome (1911) begins in 1910 in rural Massachusetts, but the main action occurs in the 1890s. Main Street (1921) describes a small town during the war years, but it's set in Minnesota. Sadie’s favorite Dorothy Canfield Fisher, Understood Betsy (1916) is set in Vermont—but it’s for children. Our Town is of course a play. Spoon River Anthology is set in Illinois and is, of course, a book of poems ... but if you want New England life in the early twentieth century, I can’t help recommending the Tilbury poems of Edwin Arlington Robinson, e.g., Children of the Night (1921), which includes the sonnet “Rueben Bright”:

Because he was a butcher and thereby
Did earn an honest living (and did right),
I would not have you think that Reuben Bright
Was any more a brute than you or I;
For when they told him that his wife must die,
He stared at them, and shook with grief and fright,
And cried like a great baby half that night,
And made the women cry to see him cry.

And after she was dead, and he had paid
The singers and the sexton and the rest,
He packed a lot of things that she had made
Most mournfully away in an old chest
Of hers, and put some chopped-up cedar boughs
In with them, and tore down the slaughter-house.

Closer to the bull’s-eye: The Late George Apley (1938) or Point of No Return (1949), both by John P. Marquand. The former traces the decline of a Boston Brahmin family between the Civil War and the Depression. The latter concerns a Don Draper–ish New York banker, Charles Gray, who has tried to bury his humble beginnings in Clyde, Massachusetts. The past—i.e., the twenties—catches up with Charles in the person of Malcolm Bryant, a sociologist who published a study of Clyde. Point of No Return may be set a little late, but it’s funny and evocative and pure pleasure to read.

Previous advice columns have addressed the question of good movie adaptations of novels. What I’m wondering is, what books have you wished would be translated into film?

Sadie writes: I feel a certain kind of nerd (and I’m describing myself) devotes an undue amount of time to pondering these questions. I have never understood, for instance, why Georgette Heyer novels (specifically The Grand Sophy) have never gotten the miniseries treatment—I mean, Netflix tells me that there are dozens of lurid Catherine Cookson adaptations, but the infinitely more clever, subtle, and (I daresay) historically accurate Heyer has generated nary a one? (Okay, that’s an exaggeration—a vigilant fan site tells me that there has been a spoof of The Reluctant Widow and a German adaptation of Arabella.)

It is a favored pastime among Barbara Pym fans to ponder wholly inappropriate casting choices for adaptations of Excellent Women. I am not exempt from this practice.

Others I’d personally like to see: The Secret History; the entire Betsy-Tacy canon (also, by necessity, a miniseries. Very high-budget); The Little Stranger; The True Deceiver (in my fantasy world, Bergman adapts this); The Sea, The Sea (I see Ian McKellan in the lead); The Secret Life of the Lonely Doll; The Art of Fielding. Some of these, obviously, are more likely than others.

I want to read a book where twins, and their twin nature, figure heavily in the plot. If you cant think of any twin texts, Im also interested in fiction that puts incest at the heart of the story. I loved Outer Dark and I’d like to explore the theme some more.

We sent this one to our Special Twin Consultant (and Paris Review proofreader) Georgia Cool. Georgia replies:

The thing about twins (and twincest) is that it’s all a little soap opera-y. With the possible exception of The God of Small Things, it’s hard to find an example of an author handling twinship in a subtle way. What your reader might be looking for you can find plenty of in mythology ... incest, murder, rape, babies being left for dead. Like Romulus and Remus. The movie The House of Yes has twin incest, featuring Parker Posey cast as a Jackie Kennedy–obsessed crazy person who sleeps with her twin brother. There is also Dead Ringers, with supercreepy Jeremy Irons as twin gynecologists. So on the one side you’ve got dark and creepy twin stuff; the other side is hot twin cheerleaders in a Coors Light commercial. I think your reader wanted the first kind. The current issue of National Geographic has a very good cover article about twins, with plenty of photos of identical twins at all ages, which might appeal to people with a creepy interest, too.

Your reader wanted fiction, but she could also look into the sad and fascinating Dionne quintuplets, who did allege that their father sexually molested them ... They were the ones who were identical quintuplets born in Canada in the 1930s and were taken by the government and put in a zoo (really!). It was a huge tourist attraction. There are a bunch of memoirs from the Dionne quints, but they don’t have that much literary interest. I wish there was a really good nonfiction book about the Dionne quints—maybe Alison and I should write that one day.

Another creepy nonfiction twins book that I found equally terrifying and compelling as a kid: The Silent Twins, by Marjorie Wallace, about these twins who only spoke their own secret language and then went insane and became arsonists and then ended up in a mental hospital.

Have a question for the editors of The Paris Review? E-mail us.



  1. WD | February 3, 2012 at 5:30 pm

    The Secret History could be moved down two paragraphs–it features twincest, though it’s just icing on the…terrible book.

  2. Trilby Lane | February 3, 2012 at 6:01 pm

    26a by Diana Evans is a good twin novel.

  3. Laura | February 3, 2012 at 6:08 pm

    “Underachiever’s Diary” is a nice twin book, and I think they should adapt “Pnin.”

  4. Rose Gowen | February 3, 2012 at 8:01 pm

    For twins, there’s the Mann story, The Blood of the Walsungs– and then you can go back and read about the Mann family, which was full of sexual weirdness.

  5. Neil Griffin | February 3, 2012 at 8:58 pm

    Sherwood Anderson’s Winesburg Ohio is a great book set around that time.

  6. Jeffrey | February 3, 2012 at 9:54 pm

    How could any discussion of books about twins overlook Gerbrand Bakker’s gorgeous “The Twin”? Although one of the twins in the title is dead, the other one is very much alive and bound to the other.

  7. AAS | February 3, 2012 at 10:02 pm

    Cassandra at the Wedding by Dorothy Baker is a wonderful novel about identical twin sisters. One, a lesbian, wants to stop her straight sister’s wedding because of a profound sense of impending loss. No twincest, thankfully, but a smart and sad exploration of the complications of twin selfhood.

  8. Rob Ehle | February 3, 2012 at 10:29 pm

    Michel Tournier’s ‘Gemini’ is probably one of the better high falutin’ twincest books. Jean Genet loved it.

  9. Sarah Richards | February 4, 2012 at 3:10 am

    Bruce Chatwin’s “On the Black Hill” surely deserves a mention for its riveting twin protagonists.

  10. Daniel Cecil | February 4, 2012 at 9:54 am

    How about Angela Carter’s last book Wise Children. Not only does it have twins, it also has incest. A two-for-one!

  11. Mary Lee | February 6, 2012 at 5:30 pm

    “Cutting for Stone” is a page turner.

  12. Susannah | February 7, 2012 at 6:10 am

    Ahhh! The “to” in the last line of “Reuben Bright” is a famous (infamous) typo!!

  13. Molly Schwartzburg | February 7, 2012 at 9:32 am

    Two magazines in particular are great for learning what was being read by Americans in 1917-1918, the years the US was in the war: The Bookman (for bestseller lists) and Publishers’ Weekly (for publishers’ advertisements to booksellers). There are full runs of original issues from this era at many large libraries. There are also a lot of great novels published in the 20s that come from soldiers’ experiences, like John Dos Passos’s 3 Soldiers (1921).

  14. lara | February 8, 2012 at 5:41 am

    The 13th Tale is a bit schmaltzy as twin stories go, but still has lots of good twists and turns…

  15. Lorin Stein | February 8, 2012 at 4:13 pm

    Belated thanks, Susannah, for catching the unwanted “to” in line fourteen of “Reuben Bright.” I have no idea how that got in there!

Leave a Comment